How rugs and carpets are made?

Hand-knotted carpets and designer rugs in India are eventually seen being manufactured all over the world. Hand knotted carpets were first found in Asiatic areas, and they are still popular today. These highly esteemed floor covering specimens were later emulated by European nations. Clipping yarn lengths is used to make these rugs. The carpet’s pile is made up of clipped yarn ends that are tied in rows crosswise to warps. Multiple picks of wefts, fixed in an interchanging succession of plain weave, separate each row of knots. Hand knotting techniques come in a variety of styles. The following are the details:

  • Turkish knots, also known as Ghiordes knots, are symmetrical knots.
  • Senneh, or the asymmetrical Persian knot.
  • The Jufti knot is the product of combining Turkish and Persian knots, but with four weft strands instead of two.
  • The Spanish knot, also known as the single warp symmetrical knot, is a type of symmetrical knot.

For centuries, famous hand knotted Persian and Turkish carpets and rug manufacturers have captivated the world. In the Western markets, such beauties continue to be in high demand. Cotton, silk, wool, and jute have all been used to create these handcrafted masterpieces.

What is a handmade carpet?

A floor covering manufactured entirely by human hands through hand knotting, hand tufting, or handweaving, in which hand spun Yarn of natural fibres (most typically wool or silk) is used, each with its own unique character and design.

Hand-knotted carpets are typically more expensive than machine-knotted carpets from carpet manufacturers. Though there are various carpet-making procedures, such as braiding, hand tying (or hand knotting), hooking, shearing, and tufting, braiding and hand knotting are the most prevalent.

How is the designing done?

Curvilinear, geometric, and figural designs are frequently split into three groups when discussing patterns and carpet manufacture. There are numerous named patterns; we’ll go over a few of the most common. These patterns can be utilised to accent a specific area of a carpet or as part of a larger motif.

It is possible to determine the style and provenance of a carpet by looking at its pattern. The size and colours of the rugs also play a role in determining their origin. In a carpet, the pattern is the most visible and perhaps the most essential feature.

Understanding of making the rugs

Although some of the special techniques used to weave an Oriental rug differ from country to country and even region to region, the fundamentals of rug-making, from dyeing the yarn to shearing the finished piece, are virtually the same all over the world and have changed very little over the centuries. Even so, having a basic understanding of how an Oriental rug is made will help you choose the right one.

Most Oriental rugs have a wool pile, which is mostly obtained from sheep, and the quality of which is determined by factors such as the animal’s breed and nutrition, the local climate, and the shearing season.

Looms have stayed essentially unchanged over time. While the nomadic or horizontal loom is the most rudimentary, the type most commonly employed now comprises two vertical wood or metal beams and two similarly manufactured horizontal beams. The width of the rug is determined by the distance between the vertical beams. Cotton warp threads are strung at a constant tension between the horizontal beams. The fineness of the weave (i.e., knot density) of the carpet that is ultimately woven is determined by the thickness of the warp threads and the closeness at which they are strung.

Concept of the knots

Machine-made rugs and carpets are loomed by a computer-controlled system or apparatus rather than by hand. Machine-made rugs are free of knots. A hand-made rug, on the other hand, has each knot and tie done by hand. Threads are glued or looped onto a heated latex (plastic) backing, which cools and solidifies in machine-made carpets. They exhibit complete and strict manufacturing consistency, resulting in a static design. In general, machine-made rugs lack spontaneity and personal touch.

Finishing it with sides

The fringe of a hand-made or hand-knotted rug is considered “part” of the rug. In contrast to machine-made carpets, the fringe is not sewed on as an extension. In contrast to a hand-knotted rug, which will be irregular and imperfect, machine-made rugs always have ‘serged’ sides or machine stitching on both sides of the rug.

Checking it from the back

The stitching on the reverse of power loomed or machine-made rugs is quite consistent. They have incredibly regular knots, and the structure of the carpet is consistent throughout. Hand-knotted rugs, on the other hand, have slightly varying stitching due to different tensions on the wool as people hand-tie the knots. The majority of hand-knotted rugs and carpets have a cotton or canvas backing.

Feeling the touch

You can also tell the difference between a machine-made and a hand-made rug by touching it. If you pinch strongly with one finger on the front and your thumb on the back of a machine-made rug, the rug will compress substantially and you will sense a sensation running from one side to the other. Pinching hand-made rugs, on the other hand, will give you a far better sense of body and substance.

Wrap up

Shree Sai International is a leading name in the carpet industry that offers excellent finished carpets. These rugs and carpets have an excellent finish for giving the best experience to the ones using these products. 

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